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What is a grand challenge?

Grand Challenges are socially innovative approaches to addressing problems that natural market forces have failed to solve. In 1927 Charles Lindbergh claimed the Ortegi Prize and $25,000 when he became the first to fly from New York to Paris. Recent examples and successes include the human genome project and the Ansari Prize resulting in the introduction of commercial space travel.

As defined by the White House, “Grand Challenges are ambitious, yet achievable goals to solve society’s biggest issues through innovation and breakthroughs in science, technology and implementation strategies.”


About The Tulane University Nitrogen Reduction Challenge

The Tulane Nitrogen Reduction Challenge sought innovative in-field solutions to reduce crop fertilizers and runoff, with the goal of combating hypoxia and global “Dead Zones”.

The $1 million prize was awarded to the Team that best achieved the Challenge goals, Adapt-N, on December 14, 2017.

The Selection Process

The Finalist Teams were assessed based upon:

  1. Enhancing crop yield
  2. Reducing nitrogen
  3. Cost of solution
  4. Real world application

Each Finalist Team’s innovation was reviewed and scored by a diverse advisory committee using quantitative measures and each Team’s final summary report. While there is only one official winner, all Finalist Teams were competitive and have the potential to go to market and be a feasible solution. Adapt-N was chosen to be the most effective in all four measures. The most important component of their solution is getting farmers to apply the right N fertilizer rate for a particular production environment.

The Farm Site

The Challenge was fortunate enough to partner with the Hardwick Family and Hardwick Planting Company in Tensas Parish, where the Top Finalist Teams will be implementing their innovations in a real-world setting during Phase 2 of the Tulane Nitrogen Reduction Challenge. 

Somerset Plantation is approximately 20,000 acres consisting of 14,000 acres of farmland and 6,000 acres of hardwood timberland located in Tensas Parish in northeast Louisiana along the Mississippi River near Newellton, LA. Hardwick Planting Company partners Jay, Mary, Mead and Marshall Hardwick produce 9,000 acres of cotton, corn, soybeans, wheat and sorghum on the family’s historic plantation. Agriculture production, primarily cotton in the early years, dates to 1814; and the property has had only two owners since that time. Somerset has been in Mary Hardwick’s family for nearly 100 years and is currently in its fourth generation of ownership.

Jay and Mary Hardwick have been farming since 1981 on Somerset Plantation. Jay is the past chairman on Cotton Incorporated, National Cotton Council, American Cotton Producers and former secretary of the National Peanut Board. He is the current chairman of EWR, a national custom software provider for agriculture and other industries. Mary is Somerset Plantation’s managing partner of the extended family owner partnership and oversees all aspects of management of the 20,000-acre property.

Mead and Marshall, advisors to the Grand Challenge, are partners with their parents, Jay and Mary Hardwick, at Hardwick Planting Company. Mead obtained a Bachelor of Business Administration with a major in Finance from Southern Methodist University in Dallas, TX in 2004, and Marshall obtained a Bachelor of Agriculture Business in 2011 and a Masters of Science in the School of Plant, Environmental, and Soil Sciences from Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, LA in 2013. Both are currently enrolled in The Louisiana Master Farmer program and are working toward certification.

The Hardwick family has been extensively involved with conservation and restoration efforts in the area for many years. Almost 500 acres have been removed from agriculture production and restored to their natural existence along with the continued preservation of 3,000 more acres. In addition, approximately 6,000 acres of hardwood timberland are maintained which provide habitat for the Louisiana black bear.

The Hardwicks firmly believe it is crucial to combine productive agricultural operations with maximum natural resource protection and a comprehensive conservation plan for the farm. Hardwick Planting Company’s mission is to achieve a viable, profitable and sustainable farm enterprise that pursues the ethical stewardship of all land resources with minimal impact upon the farm ecosystem. To pursue this mission, they have implemented conservation practices and systems such as extensive crop rotation, minimum tillage, filter strips and wetland restoration and preservation. Hardwick Planting Company was recently awarded the 2015 National Wetlands Award for Landowner Stewardship for their effort of blending production agriculture and conservation.


The Tulane Nitrogen Reduction Challenge was planned into two separate Phases, as outlined below. We awarded the final prize in December 2017.

Phase I

Phase 1 of the Challenge included initial registration followed by a technical submission round. The Challenge received 77 registration forms (10 International – Australia (x2), Brazil, Canada (x2), Chile, India, Ireland, Israel, Singapore) with 59 Teams having completed registration. 43 Teams, or 71% of completed registrations, were invited to compete in the Technical Submission. The Challenge received 31 completed, competitive Technical Submissions by the September 30, 2016 deadline. From those 31 Technical Submissions, Finalist Teams were selected to compete in Phase 2 of the Tulane Nitrogen Reduction Challenge in 2017.

Phase II

Phase 2 of the Challenge began in March 2017, during which the Top Finalist Teams tested their proposed innovations in a real-world setting. Phase 2 of the Challenge concluded in December 2017 with the announcement of the $1 million winner.

Please continue to follow us on social media for updates about agricultural innovations and nitrogen reduction. Stay informed about these topics by checking in with our News page.

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Challenge Leadership

The Tulane University Nitrogen Reduction Challenge leadership team is comprised of a unique group of experts and nationally recognized industry leaders in Social Innovation, Water Resources Law and Policy and in Coastal Research.

Meghan Hunter, LMSW, MPH

Project Coordinator, Tulane Nitrogen Reduction Challenge Consultant, The Berger Group A Project Coordinator to the Tulane Nitrogen Reduction Challenge, Meghan Hunter is a consultant with The Berger Group, LLC, a consulting firm dedicated to creating healthy, vibrant communities.  As…

Mark S. Davis, JD, MLT

Project Advisor, Tulane Nitrogen Reduction Challenge Senior Research Fellow and Director of the Institute on Water Resources Law and Policy, Tulane University Law School Director of the Bywater Institute Mark Davis is a Senior Research Fellow at Tulane University…

Julie Zona

Project Advisor, Tulane Nitrogen Reduction Challenge Julie Zona joins the Tulane Nitrogen Reduction Challenge development team with over six years of experience developing and managing large scale competitions. Most recently, Julie was contracted as the Challenge Manager for the soon-to-be-announced…

Robert Kröger, Ph.D.

Scientific Advisor, Tulane Nitrogen Reduction Challenge Chief Scientific Officer, Covington Civil and Environmental Robert “Robbie” Kröger is the Technical Advisor to Tulane University for the Nitrogen Reduction Challenge. Dr. Kröger is the Chief Scientific Officer for Covington Civil and Environmental…

Kenneth Schwartz FAIA

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Advisory Committee

The Tulane Nitrogen Reduction Challenge has carefully selected a talented and diverse group of members to serve as the Challenge Advisory Committee. The committee of industry experts are responsible for evaluating team submissions and challenge submissions, and selection of the challenge winner through a comprehensive evaluation process. This process will result with the selection of the finalist who will be awarded the prize.

Mead and Marshall Hardwick

Partners at Hardwick Planting Company, Newellton, LA Mead and Marshall are partners with their parents, Jay and Mary Hardwick, at Hardwick Planting Company located on the family’s Somerset Plantation in Tensas Parish. Mead obtained a Bachelor of Business Administration from…

Dennis Busch, Ph.D.

Research Leader Pioneer Farm, University of Wisconsin-Platteville Dennis Busch is the Research Leader at the University of Wisconsin-Platteville Pioneer Farm, an applied agricultural research facility located in the driftless area of southwest Wisconsin. Dennis is responsible for directing research activities…

Mark Tomer, Ph.D.

Research Soil Scientist, National Laboratory for Agriculture and the Environment, USDA-Agricultural Research Service Dr. Mark Tomer is a Research Soil Scientist with the National Laboratory for Agriculture and the Environment (NLAE) of the USDA’s Agricultural Research Service in Ames Iowa.…

Dave De Geus

Working Lands Director, The Nature Conservancy in Iowa Dave De Geus is currently the Working Lands Director for The Nature Conservancy’s Iowa Program. In this position he works with The Nature Conservancy’s Iowa and North American Agriculture Programs on strategies…

Jennifer Tank, Ph.D.

Galla Professor of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame Dr. Jennifer Tank is the Ludmilla F., Stephen J., and Robert T. Galla Professor of Biological Sciences at the University of Notre Dame. She is also the Director of the Notre…

Tim Smith

Owner / Operator, Century Farms, Iowa Tim Smith farms 800 acres near Eagle Grove in north central Iowa. Tim has been involved in farming the family Century Farm since his early twenties. The crops grown are evenly split between corn…

Dan Prevost

Field Conservationist and Project Manager Following a B.S. and M.S. at Mississippi State University, Prevost has served on the staff of Delta F.A.R.M. (Farmers Advocating Resource Management) since 2007. A primary responsibility involves providing conservation related advice and assistance for…

Matt Helmers, Ph.D.

Dean’s Professor, Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University Matt Helmers is the Dean’s Professor in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences and Professor in the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering at Iowa State University, where…

R. Ernest Girouard Jr., Ph.D.

State Coordinator, Louisiana Master Farmer Program R. Ernest Girouard, Jr. is the State Coordinator for the Louisiana Master Famer Program (LMFP) and an employee of the LSU AgCenter. The LMFP program is a formal partnership among the LSU AgCenter, the…

Michael Buschermohle, Ph.D.

Professor, Biosystems Engineering and Soil Science Department, University of Tennessee Dr. Michael Buschermohle is a Professor in the Biosystems Engineering and Soil Science Department at The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, where he has more than 25 years of experience with…

Beth Stauffer, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor, Department of Biology, University of Louisiana at Lafayette Dr. Beth Stauffer is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biology at University of Louisiana at Lafayette where she conducts research in the areas of protistan and phytoplankton ecology,…

Michael B. Daniels, Ph.D.

Professor for Extension Water Quality and Nutrient Management, University of Arkansas Michael “Mike” Daniels is an Extension Professor of Water Quality and Nutrient Management at the University of Arkansas. Mike also serves as the co-director of the Environmental Task Force…

Christian Jude Richard

Owner / Operator, Richard Farms LLC Christian Richard is a fifth-generation rice producer from Kaplan, LA. Upon graduating from Vermilion Catholic High School he attended the University of Louisiana at Lafayette where he obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in…

Donate to the Cause

Be a part of the solution. Your donation of any size will support our efforts to combat hypoxia, and improve the ecological, cultural, and economic well-being of Louisiana, the nation, and the world. Help us fuel innovation and achieve our ambitious goal by supporting the competition. Together we can create positive change that improves lives for years to come.

For more information on how to support the competition please contact

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